What are Bitcoin debit cards?

Bitcoin debit cards can be seen as a bridge from Bitcoin to the traditional financial system. They make it possible to spend your bitcoin anywhere credit cards are accepted.

Table of Contents

  1. Isn't Bitcoin supposed to be peer-to-peer cash? Why would I need a credit card?
  2. How do Bitcoin debit cards work?
  3. What are the fees for Bitcoin debit cards?
  4. What's the difference between a virtual and physical Bitcoin debit card?
  5. How can I get a Bitcoin debit card?

Isn't Bitcoin supposed to be peer-to-peer cash? Why would I need a credit card?

While Bitcoin enables people to transact peer-to-peer, this feature can only be taken advantage of within the network itself. If your local furniture store doesn't accept bitcoin, you'll have to pay via another method! Further, Bitcoin (at least in its current state on 'layer one') isn't particularly useful as a medium of exchange for small-value items like your morning coffee or daily groceries. Why?

(1) Transaction fees are often significantly higher than with status quo payment networks like Visa and Mastercard.

(2) Transaction times are significantly longer than with status quo payment networks. Depending on the fees paid and the current level of network congestion, it takes anywhere from a few minutes to an hour for most Bitcoin transactions to confirm 'on chain' - and only when a transaction is confirmed on chain, meaning it's included in at least one block, can final settlement be considered to have occurred.

For these reasons, Bitcoin's use as a medium of exchange (on layer one) is currently restricted to higher value items where transaction times and costs are less consequential - like buying a car, boat, or house.

Note that so-called 'layer two' solutions like the Bitcoin Lightning Network solve the above-described challenges by enabling 'off chain' transactions. This is similar to how the Visa/Mastercard network functions in that millions of small transactions can go through quickly while final settlement occurs in large batches at a later stage. Unfortunately, Lightning Network is even less widely deployed than the standard 'layer one' Bitcoin network, meaning the places you can use it to actually buy things are few and far between. Therefore, for the time being at least, Bitcoin debit cards help make Bitcoin useful as a medium of exchange while layer two solutions are still in their infancy.

How do Bitcoin debit cards work?

Bitcoin debit cards are like prepaid credit cards. You can use them to make payments in person or online exactly like you would with any other credit card. You either enter your card details or swipe your card to make a payment, and merchants receive cash in their local currency. Many Bitcoin debit cards also allow you to take out cash from ATMs.

The two methods for funding Bitcoin debit cards are:

  1. Top up your card by selling Bitcoin to cash in lump sums. In this case, you spend the cash as you make purchases using the card.
  2. Link your Bitcoin wallet to the card such that each time you make an online or in-store purchase, you're effectively selling the required amount of bitcoin for cash.

What are the fees for Bitcoin debit cards?

Depending on the provider, your Bitcoin debit card may or may not have an annual fee. You may also be charged a small fee each time you convert your Bitcoin to cash.

What's the difference between a virtual and physical Bitcoin debit card?

With virtual Bitcoin debit cards, you're restricted to making purchases online. Physical Bitcoin debit cards can be used both online and in person at any merchant that accepts the credit card type (eg. Visa or Mastercard).

How can I get a Bitcoin debit card?

Since Bitcoin debit cards are offered by registered businesses, you'll need to provide identity documents in order to be approved. This isn't a credit check, but rather a requirement for compliance with anti-money laundering regulations. Each Bitcoin debit card provider can only offer its card in the specific regions it has obtained the required license.

Was this helpful?

Related guides

Start from here →
How do I create a Bitcoin wallet?

Learn how to quickly and easily create a Bitcoin wallet. Understand the different wallet types and their respective pros & cons.

Read this article →
What's a 'non-custodial' wallet?

Understand how the non-custodial model puts you in charge of your cryptoassets and protects you from third-party risk.

Read this article →
How do I keep my cryptoassets safe?

Make sure your cryptoassets are safe with these simple tips.

Read this article →
How do crypto exchanges operate?

How safe is it to store your crypto on centralized exchanges?

Read this article →
How is cryptocurrency taxed?

Get the basics of how cryptocurrencies are taxed and what it means for you.

Read this article →
How do I buy bitcoin?

Learn how to get your first bitcoin in minutes.

Read this article →
How do I sell bitcoin?

Learn how to sell bitcoin into local currency safely.

Read this article →
Start from here →
Start investing safely with the Bitcoin.com Wallet
Over wallets created so far

Everything you need to buy, sell, trade, and invest your Bitcoin and cryptocurrency securely

Bitcoin.com in your inbox

A weekly rundown of the news that matter, plus educational resources and updates on products & services that support economic freedom